Las responsabilidades disciplinaria y penal

Autor:Miriam M. Ivanega
Páginas:715-757
 
EXTRACTO GRATUITO
Sumario: I. EL DICTAMEN. – II. EL DERECHO PENAL
Y EL DERECHO DISCIPLINARIO. – III. EL PRINCIPIO NON
BIS IN IDEM.
I
El dictamen
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II
El derecho penal y el derecho disciplinario
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Las responsabilidades disciplinaria y penal
  

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sancionatoria de la Administración y su control judicial de
cara a la realidad norma tiva>=@ (  !'! '
Sanciones administrativas y
penales impuestas
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constitucionales procesales, procedimiento administrativo y
potestad sancionatoria de la administración, >=@%!!"
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terno público y las sanciones administrativas>=@!"
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larmente la prohibición de la doble penalización en el dere-
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2347<7B7D/:/A/<17O< 27A17>:7</@7/<= 3F1:CG3:/
>3</:<7LAB///?CL::/>C3ABCB3:/<O@23<3A8C@M
271=A27AB7<B=AG>3@A75C3<47</:72/23A2743@3<B3A
C</:/ 23/A35C@/@ 3:0C3<A3@D717= /2;7<7AB@/
B7D=G:/=B@/:/@3>@3A7O<>3</:
&75C73<2=3A/ 7<B3@>@3B/17O<3: 073<8C@M271=
BCB3:/2=3<3:@L57;3<27A17>:7</@7=3<;/@1/2=3<
3:23@316= /2;7<7AB@/B7D=A/<17=</2=@3A :/1=
@@31B/>@3AB/17O<23:A3@D717=>=@>/@B3 23:/2
;7<7AB@/17O<>P0:71/#=@ 3::=:/</BC@/:3H/23:
@L57;3<27A17>:7</@7= <=1=;>=@B/ 3:1/AB75= 23
/1B=A23:71B7D=AA7<=:/A/<17O</>:71/0:3/:/53<
B3>=@7<1C;>:7;73<B=23C<2303@ 7;>C3AB=>=@
@3:/17=<3A8C@M271/A1@3/2/A3AB/BCB/@7/;3<B3
=7<17273<2=1=<3:1@7B3@7=3F>C3AB=3<3:271
B/;3</?CM1=;3<B/2=3:A=0@3A37;73<B==://0
A=:C17O< 3< A323 >3</: <= >@=2C13< <313A/@7/
, !( Derecho administrativo)C3
<=A7@3A70:7=5@/4M/";30/>K5A
,%"!(!" %Derecho penal. Parte gene-
ral, C3<=A7@3A27/@>K5A
0M23;
)! % Cuestiones de potestad disci-
plinaria y derecho de defens aT32 C3<=A7@3A %#
)3@1/>MBC:=
^ , #)(%"& Dogmática del derecho
disciplinario=5=BK(>K5A
&+(I& &"!%$(Tratado de derecho admi-
nistrativoT32 =<B3D723=B>K5GA75A
"%! %'"" IDerecho administrativo C3
<=A7@3A03:32=#3@@=BB>K5
&%&#"!&&&#!%+#! B
;3<B3:/7<3F7AB3<17/23 4/:B/27A17>:7</@7/ ::=
3A/AM>=@?C33:23@316=>3</:G3:23@316=/2;7
<7AB@/B7D=27A17>:7</@7=>@=B353<2743@3<B3A073<3A
8C@M271=A3:23@316=/2;7<7AB@/B7D=27A17>:7</@7=
<=0CA1/ :/>@3D3<17O< =@3>@3A7O<23 :/23:7<
1C3<17/A7<= 3:=@23< G:/ 27A17>:7</<313A/@7/A
>/@/3:1=@@31B=383@1717= 23:/A4C<17=<3A /2;7
<7AB@/B7D/A>/@/:=1C/:>@=1C@/>@3D3<7@=3D7B/@
?C3:=A/53<B3A7<1C;>:/<1=<ACA2303@3A
6=@/073<:/ 3D=:C17O<23:/ 8C@7A>@C23<17/
::3DO/?C3A3D3@7471/@/3:B@/A:/2=23:/A5/@/<
BM/A23:23@316=>3</: /:=AB7>=A :35/:3AA/<17=
</B=@7=A23:/2;7<7AB@/17O<A7<>3@8C717=23:/
A3>/@/17O<3<B@33:>@=1327;73<B=A/<17=</2=@G
3:>@=13A=>3</: G23 ?C3:/ >@=B3117O<23 2743
@3<B3A073<3A8C@M271=A7;>32M/ 2/@C<74=@;72/2
/:/A5/@/<BM/A/>:71/0:3A/1@MB71//3AB=A1@7B3
@7=AA30/A/3<?C3<=1=@@3A>=<23/B3<23@/:073<
>3@A35C72=A7<=/:23@316=7<27D72C/:3< 8C35=
AMB=2/>@7D/17O<23C<23@316=4@3<B3C<6316=
7:M17B=3A3F>@3A7O<23: >=23@>C<7B7D=3AB/B/::=
?C3=0:75///>:71/@:/A5/@/<BM/A?C34C3@=<>3<
A/2/A >/@/ >@=B353@ / :=A 7<27D72C=A 1=<B@/:=A
3D3<BC/:3A3F13A=A3<3:383@1717=23:>=23@
<<C3AB@/ =>7<7O</;0/A27A17>:7</A G>@=
13A=AA3C<3< 0/8=3:23<=;7</2=@1=;P<23 :/
5/@/<BM/23:23072=>@=13A=1CG//;>:7/17O<>3@
;7B3>@3271/@:/3< B=2=B7>= 23A/<17O<27A17>:7
</@7/ 7<1:CA=  :/A ;3<=@3A 1=;= 3: />3 @1707
;73<B=::= 1=;>@3<23 B/;07L<:/A 23<=;7</
2/A4/:B/A=083B7D/A 3<:/A ?C31/03 23A1/@B/@:/
7;>=A717O<27@31B/23:/A/<17O<A7<C<;M<7;=
232343<A/?C3>3@;7B//:/53<B3/@B71C:/@:=A;3
27=A232343<A//231C/2=A
:23072=>@=13A=3<;/B3@7/27A17>:7</@7/7<
D=:C1@/5/@/<BM/A>@=1327;3<B/:3A>/@/3:/53<B3
G3:2303@>/@/:/2;7<7AB@/17O<234/17:7B/@ :=A
;327=A>/@/?C33A/5/@/<BM/A31=<1@3B3
III
El principio non bis in idem
AB3>@7<17>7=1=<A/5@/?C3 <=>C323<7;>=
<3@A32=A=;KAA/<17=<3A>=@ C<;7A;= 6316=
1C/<2=3F7AB/<723<B72/223AC83B=236316=G23
4C<2/;3<B=
&C4=@;C:/17O<>=A7B7D/3<3: 23@316= >3</:
1/>B/B/<B=:/ 2=0:3>3@A31C17O< 1=;=C</ C:B3
@7=@1=<23</>=@3:;7A;= 6316=&3/47@;/?C3
:/>/@BM1C:/<35/B7D/non CB7:7H/2/ >=@:/173<17/
8C@M271//@53<B7</<=3A :/1=@@31B/>C3A1=@@3A
>=<23ne
&7073<:/=<AB7BC17O<!/17=</:<=>@=6M033<
4=@;/3F>@3A/:/ 2=0:3>3@A31C17O< 3<<7<5C</
23ACA;/<743AB/17=<3AA33<B73<23?C33<D7@BC2
23:/@BA3B@/B/23C</23:/A5/@/<BM/A<=3<C
;3@/2/A
=<:/@34=@;/1=<AB7BC17=</:23:/N=3:
>@7<17>7= ?C32 O 7<1=@>=@/2= / :/ !=@;/ &C
>@3;/8C<B=1=<B@/B/2=A1=<83@/@?CM/1=<AB7BC
17=</:/@B7<1:/@B23:/=<D3<
17O<;3@71/</ A=0@3 3@316=AC;/<=A 27A
>=<3?C33:7<1C:>/2=/0AC3:B=>=@C</A3<B3<17/
47@;3<=>=2@KA3@A=;3B72=<C3D/;3<B3/C<8C7
17= >=@ 3A=A 6316=A AC D3H 3: /@B 23:
#/1B=<B3@</17=</:A=0@33@316=A7D7:3AG#=
:MB71=A>@3DL?C3</273>=2@KA3@8CH5/2=<7 A/<
17=</2= >=@ C< 23:7B= >=@ 3: 1C/: G/ 6/G/ A72=
1=<23</2= = /0AC3:B= WA3<B3<17/ 47@;3W /
7<B3@>@3B/?C33:/@B23:/0CA1/
>@=B353@:=A23@316=A23:=A7<27D72C=A>@=13A/
2=A>=@ 23B3@;7</2=A 6316=A>/@/?C3 <=DC3:
D/</A3@:=>=@3AB=A;7A;=A
:/@BU23:1O2>@=13A/:>3</:23:/!/17O<
3F>@3A/ ?C3</273 >C323 A3@>3@A35C72= >3</:
;3<B3X;KA23C</D3H>=@3:;7A;=6316=Y/
=@B3 &C>@3;/ 3< 3: 1/A= X /BB37Y3AB/0:317O
XD=:D3@/A=>=@B/@C<8C717=1@7;7</: /431B/>7:/
@3A0KA71=A23:=@23</;73<B= >3</:1=;=3: non
bis in idem3:in dubio pro reo GY
#/@/?C3A3 1=<475C@32303<>@3A3<B/@ 723<B7
2/223>3@A=</ >3@A35C72/ B@/B/@A3 23: ;7A;=
6316=GA3@75C/::/4C3<B323:/>3@A31C17O<
%3A>31B=/:/A>@7;3@/GA35C<2/723<B72/23A
A33<B73<23?C3:=A>@=0:3;/A?C3>C32/<ACA17
B/@A3A=<;3<=@3AAC</5/@/<BM/ >3@A=</:?C3
8C35//4/D=@23 C</23B3@;7</2/>3@A=</ G@3A
>31B=/C</67>OB3A7A4K1B71/WA7<7<B3@3A/@:/ 1/
:7471/17O< 8C@ M271/ ?C3 :3 6/G/ A7 2= /B@70C72/W
('I%%, "!'("!"#"Administración pú-
blica, juridicidad y derechos humanosC3<=A7@3A03
:32=#3@@=B>K5
=AAC>C3AB=A;KA1=;C<3AA=<:=A23:/A7</A7AB3<
17/AA7<8CAB7471/@A7BC/17=<3A3<:/A?C3:=A3AB/BCB=A/CB=@7
H/</:/2;7<7AB@/17O</?C3C</D3H1=<AB/B/2/:/4/:B/27
@31B/;3<B3A3/>:7?C3:/A/<17O<1=@@3A>=<273<B3
 % ("Derecho procesa l pe nal, C3<=A
7@3A27B=@3A3:#C3@B=B>K5
["%%!&"Proceso penalC3<=A7@3A
3F7A!3F7A03:32=#3@@=B3F7A!U
&/::=A
["%%!&"Proceso17B

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